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About MoEF
Introduction          Minister        Deputy Minister       Officers         

Before partition of Indian sub-continent in 1947, Bangladesh forests were administered under Forest Circles of the Bangal and Assem Forest Departments. From 1947 to 1962, the Provincial Forest Department was the authority with a Conservator of Forests, and subsequently until 1971 by a Chief Conservator of Forests. With the formation of Bangladesh in 1971, reserved and proposed reserve forests passed to the Bangladesh Forest Department. From 1971 to 1989, BFD fell under the Ministry of Agriculture. The Department enjoyed varying interest in terms of attention from Government. For a brief spell, there was an Inspector General of Forests, in addition to the Chief Conservation of forests, to coordinate forestry activities. During 1987-89, Forestry was a Division of Agriculture Ministry with a Secretary to Government in charge of the Forestry Division.

The Department of Environment (DoE) established in 1977 under the Environment Pollution Control Ordinance, 1977 still functions under the ECA.

With the formation of the new Ministry of Environment and Forests, in 1989, both the departments were transferred to this new Ministry. The DoE has been placed under the MoEF as its technical wing and is statutorily responsible for the implementation of the Environment Conservation Act, 1995.

Besides these two departments, MoEF look after the Bangladesh Forest Industries Development Corporation (BFIDC), Bangladesh Forest Research Institute (BFRI), Bangladesh National Herbarium (BNH) and Bangladesh Climate Change Trust (BCCT).

The Ministry of Environment & Forests is the nodal agency in the administrative structure of the Central Government, for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes. MoEF oversees all environmental matters in the country and is a permanent member of the Executive Committee of the National Economic Council.

The Ministry also plays a pivotal role as a participant of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The principal activities undertaken by Ministry of Environment & Forests consist of conservation & survey of flora, fauna, forests and wildlife, prevention & control of pollution, forestation & regeneration of degraded areas and protection of environment, in the framework of legislations. The main tools utilized for this include surveys, impact assessment, control of pollution, regeneration programmes, support to organizations, research to solve solutions and training to augment the requisite manpower, collection and dissemination of environmental information and creation of environmental awareness among all sectors of the country's population. The organizational structure of the ministry covers a number of divisions, directorate, board, subordinate offices, autonomous institutions and public sector undertakings. In short, Ministry of Environment & Forest (MoEF) has the following major functions:

  • Management of environment and ecology.

  • Matters relating to environment pollution control.

  • Conservation of forests and development of forest resources (government and private), forest inventory, grading and quality control of forest products.

  • Forestation and regeneration of forest extraction of forest produce.

  • Plantation of exotic cinchona and rubber.

  • Botanical gardens and botanical surveys.

  • Tree plantation.

  • Planning cell is responsible for preparation of schemes and coordination in respect of forest.

  • Research and training in forestry.

  • Mechanized forestry operations.

  • Protection of wild birds and animals and establishment of sanctuaries.

  • Matters relating to marketing of forest produce.

  • Liaison with international organizations and matters relating to treaties and agreements with other countries and world bodies relating to subjects allotted  to this Ministry.

Apart form two major departments, i.e., Department of Environment and Department of Forest, working under this ministry, there are three others

BFRI

Bangladesh Forest Research Institute (BFRI) was established in 1955 and mandated to provide research support to the Forestry sub-sector of the country, including Forest Department, Bangladesh Forest Industries Development Corporation, NGO and other private enterprises. BFRI's research activities aim to develop appropriate technologies to maintain sustainable productivity of forest land and of forest industries without resource depletion.

Bangladesh National Herbarium (BNR)

Bangladesh National Herbarium is a plant survey, collection, identification and conservation organization. It documents the plant biological diversity of the country and its collections are accessible samples of natural population. The collection of the herbarium is a national property that goes down to the posterity through generation for hundreds of years and work as reference materials on the flora of the country. The National Herbarium serves as repository of technical information on plant genetic resources and advises the Government on technical aspects of question dealt with by the herbarium. It also provides direction required in the implementation of policies laid down by the Government in relation to plant biodiversity conservation.

BFIDC

Bangladesh Forest Industries Development Corporation (BFIDC) is mandated to rubber plantation, processing and to extract timber from inaccessible Forest areas. After sawing, seasoning and treatments, these timbers are used in wood based industries for production of quality furniture, electric poles, anchor logs, cross arms, railway slippers, doors & windows, woodtex, tea chest and plywood etc. In addition to this, BFIDC have been raising Rubber plantation in the district of greater chittagong, Sylhet, Mymensingh and Tangail since 1961 in order to increase the productivity of the fellow forest land through producing row rubber in the country. BFIDC so far has raised 32,625 acres of started plantation in its 15 (fifteen) Rubber Estates in greater Chittagong, Sylhet, Tangail and Mymensingh districts and 10 (ten) acres experimental rubber plantation in Barind tract (Rangpur distict ) to test the viability of rubber plantation. Besides, about 33,000 acres rubber plantation has been raised in private sector with technical assistance of BFIDC.

BCCT

Bangladesh Climate Change Trust (BCCT) is a statutory body formed under Climate Change Trust Act, 2010 to administer Climate Change Trust Fund (CCTF). The CCTF is a self-financing mechanism of the Government ofBangladesh to address the adverse impacts of climate change.It is an annual block allocation from the revenue budget of the Government. It should not be confused with Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund (BCCRF), a coordinated financing mechanism by the Government of Bangladesh, development partners and the World Bank.

BCCT provides administrative and organisational support to the Trustee Board and the Technical Committee formed under Climate Change Trust Act, 2010. It receives and scrutinizes project proposals submitted by different ministries/divisions of the government, and places them to the Technical Committee for screening. The Technical Committee verifies the viability of the projects and recommends to the Trustee Board for its approval/disapproval or any revision, if required. BCCT implements the decisions of the Trustee Board. It is entrusted with the overall management of Climate Change Trust Fund (CCTF) including the release of funds for the projects approved by the Trustee Board. It coordinates with the Climate Change Focal Points of different ministries/divisions, communicates with concerend stakeholders including civil society, NGO, private sector and international agencies. It also monitors and evaluates the projects approved under CCTF

 

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